Progenitor of the Igbo: Eri

Discussion in 'Black History Main Forum' started by ilevi, Jun 8, 2017.

  1. ilevi

    ilevi Active Member

    The Umundri tradition of origin

    The Umundri are an Ibo group living in the Onitsha Province, Southern Nigeria. Their tradition of origin states that a man, Eri, and his wife came to earth from the sky. Except for the anthill on which they alighted the earth was a morass. An Awka blacksmith with his equipment was sent to dry up the earth. During Eri's lifetime his people were fed from the sky. When he died this food ceased. Chuku, the sky god, told Ndri, Eri's eldest son, to kill and bury his son and daughter. From their graves sprouted the yam and the kokoyam respectively. Upon eating this food Ndri and his people slept for the first time, because till then the sun did not set. The four days of the week then were given the names of skybeings. Ndri became the first king and his coronation ritual is still followed. Titles and ranking ensued and the carving of the sun‐cult symbols on the faces of this group. Food was then distributed to all mankind. Similar traditions are found elsewhere, pointing to a common source for them all somewhere in the east.

    http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00020185608706990?journalCode=cast20

    NIGERIA MAGAZINE NOS 110-112 1974 pg. 62

    LETTER

    JEFFREYE’ PET THEORY

    Dear Sir,

    "With reference to Dr Afigbo’s statement p. 68 in you issue 107-109, namely: “One of the more celebrated conclusions for this area was Jeffreys’ pet theory that the Ibo of Nigeria came to their present abode from Egypt.” I have claimed that the sun-cult of the Umundri Ibo diffused from Egypt but to confuse the migration of a culture with a migration of a people takes an historian to achieve.

    My claim is supported by the following items among other displayed the Umundri. The Umundri founders came from the sky, i.e. were children of the sun; their villages are divided into Upper and Lower, just as Egypt was divided into Upper and Lower; the Ibo four quarter gods are perpetuated in the four names of the Ibo week; the Egyptians had four quarter gods represented by the heads on their four canonic jars: the Ikenga or ram headed god of the Umundri has its analogue in Amon-ra with the rams-head; the Pharaoh wore on his head the winged solar disc, The Eze Ndri had carved on his forehead and face the sun, moon, and wings of the hawk, and so on. A glance at Meek’s Sudanese Kingdom will provide evidence of Jukun culture but not Jukun people deriving from Egypt."


    Yours faithfully,

    M.D.W. JEFFREYS
    Mawuli and acuriousblackman like this.
  2. Mawuli

    Mawuli TheGuide Staff Member

    INTERESTING! So in the past, they celebrated four days of the week instead of seven? Very interesting.
    acuriousblackman and ilevi like this.
  3. ilevi

    ilevi Active Member

    That is correct. There are two sources written by two different people of Igbo ancestry, that wrote about cultural institutions and practices of the Igbo. One is "The Igbos of Southeastern Nigeria" by Victor Uchendu, and another is "Christianity and the Igbo culture" by Edmund Ilogu. Although, what they wrote down shouldn't disclaim a possible Erhverh Identity. I'm still looking into this.
    acuriousblackman likes this.

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